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Inside the Oldwolf Workshop
So two weeks ago, on a cloudy, slightly stormy Saturday morning I gathered a couple axes, wedges, and a thermos of coffee and drove to Tom's shop in Pepin Wisconsin and met the two other gentlemen who decided to join us that day. From there it was a quick drive to the small parcel of woods Tom owns outside the town.
We started by busting apart a cherry log for a couple of us to share. I always fin this to be great fun and super satisfying. Then we all got to work with adzes, each on our own individual logs.
I've never found an adze in what I considered good enough shape to buy it so I had no real experience using one. The concept of swinging a horizontal axe blade in the vicinity of your lower legs and feet flies in the face of the modern, child-proof bottle cap, safety-litigation-congregation's standards. But like anything you have to be smart and keep your head in the game. Pay attention to what's safe and what's not as you're working, think through your actions before you take a swing, and you're fine.
The nice thing is the other guys all brought a nice variety of adze styles along and I took a bit of time with all of them, getting a feel for what I liked and didn't.
While the three of us worked, flattening slabs for benches. Tom worked hewing round logs square for timber framing.
It rained on and off at times, which was refreshing though we didn't get very wet at all under the heavy tree canopy.
When the day was finished I had a new blister and a cherry slab about 3" thick 15" wide on the top side, and a little over 3' long. We all loaded up and took off. The next day I was exhausted, with sore muscles I'd long forgotten I owned, but I still managed to waddle out to the shop and work on the slab some more.
I started by planing the bottom completely flat. I use metal bodied Stanley planes in most of my work, but I find for green work like this, a wooden body plane is superior in feel and function.
With the bottom set, I ran a marking gauge over the ends and snapped some chalk lines to get a uniform thickness to the top. The slab is giving me about 2 1/2". I took a hewing axe and brought the thickness down close, then planed some of the roughness away. I didn't bother getting carried away because I want to give the seat a dish out, like a Windsor chair seat.
I did some dishing, then set the slab aside. I have lots of other work and can't eat the distraction for more than a weekend right now and the slab needs to season a little before I work it some more. I have these visions in my mind of a cross between a Windsor and a Norwegian Sengebenk.
We'll see how that works out.
Ratione et Passionis
The fact that Peter is leaving isn't news. There are rumors that Plimoth Plantation didn't plan to replace him, Chris wrote about this in a post on his blog, but down at the bottom of the comments in that post is a comment by a Sarah MacDonald, that states the organization is updating the job description and expanding the diversity of its craftspeople. (There is no updated job posting for a joiner as of today)
This all gives me pause for thought. What if I were to be hired for the job? I certainly would meet some of the qualifications
I have spent several years developing competency with hand tools in woodworking in general and with working freshly riven, green wood more recently. I can take a fallen tree and turn it into a finished piece of furniture.
I have developed a love for the furniture and construction styles of the 17th century. I have been working on the carving aspect of the craft for several years and it's a very comfortable, natural style for me now.
|My most recent carved interpretation. Walnut carved box sides. I haven't finished the till, lid, or bottom yet.|
And I have experience as an lecturer and educator, I spent two years teaching Surgical Technology and Central Service Technology at Western Technical College, before deciding to return to the field. And my work has been published in a major woodworking publication.
Ok . . . so do I have the job?
Several things will keep me from even applying if the job is posted. Not the least of which is the need to relocate. It is definitely not the right time in our lives to take on another adventure like that. Not for a while.
But the job is still fun to think about, like the "What would I do if I won the lottery?" question. Though the approach that comes across my mind is "What would I do differently?"
Peter is am inspiration to me, I've never managed to come up with a good reason to correspond with him outside of the abject hero workshop and fawning praise of an unapologetic fan boy. But if I were to trip, fall, and land in the job, I would want to make it my own. Standing on the shoulders of giants to see further is more noble than repeating what has been done before in a cookie cutter fashion.
I would certainly have a lot to learn in the job, that would be most of the fun.
Ratione et Passionis
"The mere act of owning real tools and having the power to use them is a radical and rare idea that can help change the world around us and - if we are persistent - preserve the craft."
We've spoken about hand saws and back saws, now we break down into the few specialty saws I keep sharp and ready.
I suppose a miter box saw can be considered alongside the back saws, but since it rarely sees use outside the miter box I'm going to call it a specialty.
My Miter box saw is a Disston saw made for Goodell Pratt. It's 26" long with 11 PPI (Points Per Inch) and filed with 15 degrees of rake and 20 degrees of fleam. It has a deep plate (5 inches) and works nicely in my Stanely Miter Box. You can see the rehab of both miter box and saw HERE.
Next is my cheepo coping saw. Nicholson brand I believe. I picked it up off a clearance rack at a box store a few years ago, and it's been a good friend ever since.
I use it for scrolling and for sawing out the waste in my dovetails. The tension on the original was never great so I souped it up by throwing a couple of washers between the handle and the frame. I've also sanded the smooth factory finish off the handle.
The weird thing is, I've managed to get my hands on a Knew Concepts Fret Saw I thought would replace this old war bird, but I just never liked it. I like the beefier coping saw blades over the wire fret saw blades and the Knew Concepts saw handle just never fit or felt right in use. I like the engineering that goes into making the frame stiff and light and the whole concept, I just couldn't efficiently use it.
So, until something comes along to replace it, my old coping saw will remain in the tool box.
Oh, if you were wondering, I usually set my coping saw blades to cut on the pull stroke.
I consider my stair saws to be one of the few conceits in my nest. They are not multitaskers, they do one job, something that can be done with a carcass saw. Cut a sidewall for a dado or rabbet. But they do it so well and efficiently and they look so cool. . . what can I say, a guy should be allowed a little conceit.
I have two (more conceit) The one on the right is an unmarked vintage model (I believe it's Disston though). The blade is 7 PPI and crosscut. I've had it for a few years and I just haven't gotten around to cleaning it up and sharpening it, probably because the one on the left works well when I need it.
Before I found the vintage one I was captured by the concept of the saw and decided to build one for myself from scratch and a picture I got off the internet. You can read the old post HERE. My blade recut from an old saw plate comes to 6 PPI
Stair saws are a great addition to your nest. Vintage ones are tough to come by so I suggest heading over to Two Guys In A Garage website, where they offer kits to build your own. I keep threatening to buy one myself.
The last specialty saw I keep in my woodworking tool box is a hacksaw. If you're following links in this post you'll read some nasty things I had to say about hacksaws when I was writing about building a stair saw. What can I say, I was having a day.
It's kind of weird to mention it along with woodworking tools, but it's just the ticket for modifying hardware, sawing brass pins to length and other small metal working jobs that pop up. Find a simple one that tensions well and don't be scared to replace the blade often.
|Photo from Tools For Working Wood website.|
The final specialty saw isn't in my tool box yet. It's going to be a veneer saw. My current project has pushed back my exploration into veneer, marquetry, and inlay for now but when the clock circles around again I will be in the market again. When that happens I will most likely head over to Tools For Working Wood and pick up a Gramercy Veneer Saw.
That wraps up my thoughts on the saws I have. use, and will get and the concept of trying to get the most out of a few good saws rather than filling a whole saw till with special circumstance saws.
The introduction to the saw nest series is HERE.
Hand saws in my nest are HERE
Backsaws in my nest are HERE
and ALL the posts are collected together in one HERE.
Now it will probably be a while before I put any real thought into my saws again. Of course if they're working for you, you don't have to think about them.
Ratione et Passionis
You only get a handful of firsts in your lifetime. First car, first kiss, first time on an airplane, first time in a fist fight. Some are bittersweet, all are learning experiences. Today the mailman brought another first into my life. A large white envelope containing two author copies of Popular Woodworking Magazine.
Today was the first time I got to see my name in print, legitimately published.
This one article may have been one of the hardest things I've ever had to write. Not because of the demands of the PopWood team, Megan Fitzpatrick and Glen Huey were both great to work with. It has more to do with the demands I put on myself. I worked and worried the thing to near death.
The one thing that I really wasn't expecting was the amount of time from the start to today. The concept of building my own copy of Roubo's Press Vise occurred to me in early October of last year. I built a prototype in a long Saturday in the shop. No thoughts or worries about perfection, or what someone would think about seeing it beyond the normal noodling here on my blog space.
Then the ideas began to grow, and I received support for those ideas from great people. I have to offer a big Thank You to Don Williams. A man I've gotten to know a bit over the last few years and I hope to get to know better as time rolls on. The first thing I did was send him an email asking for his blessing at taking a small bite of something he's very invested in. He was kind enough to say yes.
The project itself, delightful simplicity, to such a level that it made me slap my forehead that I didn't think about it on my own. I challenge you to give the project a try for yourself, the possibilities inside this devise are nearly endless. And if you decide to pick up your own copy of the magazine and see my "first" for yourself, then all the better.
Ratione et Passionis
|A thick wood shaving balanced in my daughter's fingers.|
Beauty in imperfection.
One I take to heart.
Three simple truths:
Nothing is finished
Nothing is perfect
These are good things to remember.
This is going on the wall of my shop tomorrow morning.
Thank you again David.
Ratione et Passionis
Yesterday I had an excellent day visiting with people and doing carving demonstrations at the Castlerock Museum of Arms and Armor in nearby Alma Wisconsin. It's a fantastic museum filled with history mostly from Medieval and Renaissance Europe.
The crowds were great, just big enough to keep me busy but not a swarming mass. They were all interested in the carvings I was working on, but more than other demos I've done in the past, full of intelligent and thoughtful questions. I'm used to a lot of questions about the tools, species of wood and mostly the amount of time each carving takes. People assume it takes days of sweat and work to complete a carved panel and that really couldn't be further from the truth.
I wish I could figure out a better way to explain that there isn't any magic involved in what I do. You just have to decide you want to do it.
For the first time I fielded a lot of questions about finishing pieces. When I was packing up the night before, as a last minute thought I threw my polissoirs in the chest and I was glad I did. People were fascinated with the idea of burnishing in a wax finish.
There was also a glimmer of hope for our collective futures.
At least half a dozen different people brought up the discussion about the loss of traditional craftsmanship. Maybe it was just the temper of the crowd or the day, but many, made listed the arguments to me that I've listed to others about the need for enduring products, made by hand, in our homes and in our lives. There was general disgust for the press-board crap furniture on the shelves of superstores and the dubious companies that make them. Most expressed the sentiment they'd rather pay a little more for something that lasts, something made in the US if not made local, and something that they can potentially hand down to the next generation past them.
Some even spoke to me about the things they wanted to learn to start making, things they remember their grandparents making.
As I was driving home in the evening I was decided it's possible, just possible, the culture is starting to change. I'm not holding my breath, but to even catch a whiff of this fresh air was fantastic.
For me, the day was also a chance to catch up with Thomas Latane, a master blacksmith who is fast becoming a good friend. He brings quite the impressive forge set up along.
Thom also brought along one of his former students Paul Nyborg.
Paul was also doing a carving demonstration, his had a little more purpose than mine. Most of the time I simply grab a board and start a panel for a box or box lid, sometimes at the end of the day I finish them sometimes I don't. Paul was working on the parts for a Wainscot Chair.
It's always fun to visit with other woodworkers, but someone who's interests align so close to mine was extra exciting. Besides you have to like a guy who built his tool chest from wide walnut boards resawn to thickness by hand and using hardware he forged himself.
Even though a thunderstorm rolled in and doused the event late in the afternoon, over all it was a great day. I'll be looking forward to my next demo with the museum soon.
Ratione et Passionis
I almost forgot to share the fruits of my efforts for the day. A fun carved panel for the front of a document box.
I've written about my three hand saws (you can read it HERE) now I intend to write about my backsaws or joinery saws. My favorite saws to use.
I realize in the opinionated world of woodworking that people will read this and may believe I'm prejudiced, and they may be correct. I have a prejudice towards tools that work extremely well. When I decided to stop playing around and get my hands on a quality back saw choosing Bad Axe Toolworks Saws was easy for several reasons. The least of which, They are made in the same town I live in. I can, and have, dropped in on the gentleman who builds my saws, in his shop, drank a cup of coffee and chewed the fat.
Buy local. Hell yes. If you were in my shoes you'd do the same.
The best reason I continue to choose Bad Axe. All possible prejudice aside. Mark Harrell builds one hell of a saw, and there are many more makers out there, people smarter and more experienced than me, who say the same thing, so I feel more than confident in my opinion.
The first saw I bought from Mark was not the saw I should have started with, but dovetail saws are just so damn sexy I couldn't resist. (I know I have a problem, thankfully I'm married to an understanding woman) I should have started with a carcass or a tenon saw, but no. I feel for it and you will too, I wanted a good dovetail saw more than anything.
Into my life stepped the Bad Axe 12" hybrid dovetail / small tenon saw with 13 PPI filed rip and open grip Mesquite handle. This was one of the first quality tools I ever bought and it was worth every cent and more. Novel length trilogies about shades of monochrome colors wouldn't begin to cover the feelings I have developed for this saw. It's one of my go to problem solvers when I have worked myself into a corner and need an out. It has never failed me.
Still, in retrospect, I know my first backsaw purchase should have been my third.
I should have bought my carcass saw first.
Here's my 12" Bad Axe Tool Works Carcass Saw, with 13 PPI and filed cross cut and an open grip walnut handle. Hands down this saw gets used more than any other in my shop. It cuts parts to final length, cuts tenon shoulders, cuts the sidewalls on sliding dovetail joints, trims pegs, . . . . I could exhaust myself and you listing what I use it for because it's nearly everything. It should have been the first joinery saw I bought, but it's never held that against me.
For my third backsaw, I needed a larger joinery saw and I ran into the conundrum of really wanting a bigger 16" or so tenon saw for both ripping and crosscutting but I didn't have the room for two such saws. I finally decided to fall for what I worried may be a fad and ordered a 16" Bad Axe Tool Works Tenon Saw, with 11 PPI filed hybrid.
A hybrid filing is like saying the saw is a little country and a little rock and roll. Think a relaxed rip filing, somewhere in the middle of both worlds. While I liked the idea of a multitasking toothline, I was worried about compromise on performance. Using it for more than a year in the real world has made me own up to the fact that the hybrid filing works. The saw does whatever I ask it to.
And I use it for all my bigger joinery tasks, from full size tenon cheeks to cross cutting a wider board to final length. I've even used it for dovetails in thicker stock to great effect.
There is one missing saw from the nest I have yet to acquire.
I don't have anything for very fine work. Dovetails in thin boards, miter cuts on fine mouldings. I do have a small 10" gents saws that I don't like and don't use but it hangs in my tool chest none the less. I need to replace it, and soon, and when I do I know exactly what I'm going to do.
|This photo was pirated from Mark's web site. I asked no permission, Vikings rarely ask permission. :)|
Mark and other saw-wrights like him will be happy to make you the saw you want to the specs you want. Just ask them. Within reason it's their bread and butter. But there is another way to look at things. I know from talking with Mark, and like I said I'm sure others making saws for a living are the same, that he knows more about saws and everything encompassing and related to their form, function, performance, and history than I could or would ever want to, and I would be a fool to not take advantage of his studied expertise.
It is one thing to walk into a master chef's restaurant and order a porterhouse steak, medium rare, with a baked potato and garden salad. You'll probably get just what you asked for and it will be great. But if you're adventurous and you trust the chef, you'll walk in and say, "Chef, I'm hungry for a great meal, I'd like you to surprise me. Cook whatever you like and take me on an adventure." and what comes out of the kitchen will most likely be an experience like no other.
That is exactly what I intend to do when I can afford my final Back Saw purchase from Mark. Walk in and say, "Mark, I need a saw for fine work, please build the saw you'd want to use yourself. I trust you."
I'm thinking when it happens, if I can convince Mark to do it, that saw may quickly become my new favorite.
Ratione et Passionis
I remember drowning in the options. Then I decided to just keep it simple and I've never looked back. The next three posts in this Saw Nest Series, will show all the saws in My Take of a small, but well rounded nest of saws.
To start this conversation let's talk about the big guns, handsaws. I keep three of them in my tool chest and in use. I inherited all three of these saws (and many other of my first hand tools) from my wife's grandfather Setles Koll. I got to know him for only a few short years before he passed. He was a tinkerer, fixer, and maker in the same way as many men from his generation. There are many times in my shop where I will grab one of these saws, my No. 5 Stanley, or another linked tool and think for a few seconds how his legacy of providing things for his family with the work of his hands has a chance to pass on through me.
It's a 26" long Atkins with 8 PPI filed to 10 degrees rake and 4-5 degrees fleam. It doesn't get as much use as the 107 because I usually don't use it to break down stock, but it's there to rip a fresh cut moulding off the edge of a wider board and rip thinner stock, like drawer sides and bottoms to size.
This saw also works the best on the odd occasions I find myself cutting plywood.
I keep one cross cut filed hand saw. Just one. It breaks down everything from dimensional pine lumber to fine hardwoods with equal gusto. Yesterday I used it on a 3" thick slab of black walnut, and a few days before it was standard grade 1X pine. I've found one cross cut handsaw is enough because I'll use my finer carcass saw or my miter box when finer cross cuts are called for. It's often one of the first tools to touch stock in my shop and it's definitely the one that gets used the most out of these three.
I believe this saw is a later Disston Keystone era saw, though I'm not sure which number because the back is straight instead of a sway back. The truth is, what name and number it has doesn't matter all that much to me either. It's 26" long with 8 PPI and filed to cross cut with 15 degrees of rake, 20 degrees of fleam.
That's it. Three, just three hand saws are all I need. I've sometimes thought about adding a smaller 20" cross cut panel saw, but I keep coming back around to the fact I just don't need it. These three handle all the duties I can ask of this style of saw and I can build anything with them.
Next up will be the ever popular Back Saw or Joinery Saw selection.
Ratione et Passionis